Menoufia Medical Journal

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 177--178

Hydrops fetalis: our experience in a rural setting


Ibrahim Aliyu 
 Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University Kano, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim Aliyu
FMC Paed, Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University Kano, 700001 Kano
Nigeria

The presence of two or more of the following: ascites, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, or generalized edema, defines hydrops fetalis. It occurs worldwide, but there is limited information on its incidence in Nigeria. It may follow massive intrauterine destruction of the fetal red blood cells, resulting in severe fetal anemia and subsequently anemic heart failure. This occurs in those with immune-mediated hemolysis; other notable causes are fetal arrhythmias, respiratory disorders, and inborn errors of metabolism. Early detection of at-risk pregnancy is the key to a successful outcome; hence, the importance of antenatal care cannot be overemphasized. Therefore, the case of an hour-old male newborn who presented with generalized edema, ascites, and central cyanosis is reported here. He had a normal packed cell volume and was diagnosed with nonimmune hydrops fetalis; however, the patient died 30 min later, and although an autopsy was not performed, the clinical features were suggestive of a cardiovascular cause.


How to cite this article:
Aliyu I. Hydrops fetalis: our experience in a rural setting.Menoufia Med J 2016;29:177-178


How to cite this URL:
Aliyu I. Hydrops fetalis: our experience in a rural setting. Menoufia Med J [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 Jul 3 ];29:177-178
Available from: http://www.mmj.eg.net/article.asp?issn=1110-2098;year=2016;volume=29;issue=1;spage=177;epage=178;aulast=Aliyu;type=0