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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 360-366

Assessment of hygienic practices at the beginning of coronavirus disease-19 and after 3 months of its appearance in Egypt


Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Shaimaa Y Abd elRaouf
Shebien El-Kom, Menoufia 32511
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_285_20

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Objective To assess the hygienic practices and preventive measures of individuals at the beginning of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic and after 3 months of its appearance in Egypt. Background As there is still no definitive vaccine or treatment for COVID-19, personal hygienic practices and avoidance of exposure remain the gold standard for its prevention and control. Patients and methods A cross-sectional study included 391 participants who were asked to fill in a questionnaire to assess their hygienic practices and preventive measures of COVID-19 at the beginning and after 3 months of the pandemic in Egypt. The questionnaire consisted of 20 questions based on the WHO hygienic guidelines and was delivered through online Google form, and the higher the score, the better the practices. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were shown to be satisfactory. Results The mean age of the studied group was 31.7 years (18–58 years), 72.4% were females, 81.8% were highly educated, 74.4% were living in urban areas, and 58.1% were married. The mean total score of the hygienic practices was significantly higher after 3 months of COVID-19 pandemic (49.1±7.82) than at the beginning (47.8±6.88), with P value less than 0.001. Participants who were aged more than 30 years (P=0.001), married (P=0.026), or currently working (P=0.001) maintained better practices than participants who were younger, single, or not working. Conclusion Most participants applied most of the hygienic practices to avoid COVID-19 infection. Some of the practices were improved after 3 months of COVID-19 appearance in Egypt.


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