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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 328-332

COVID-19 – a descriptive study of demographic trends in Rajasthan, listed in top five affected states of India


1 Department of Medicine, S.M.S. Medical College and Attached Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Physiology, Government Medical College, Barmer, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Physiology, S.M.S. Medical College and Attached Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Pharmacology, S.M.S. Medical College and Attached Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Bhoopendra Patel
Teaching Faculty Quarters, Government Medical College, Barmer, Rajasthan 344001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_183_20

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Objective The aim was to investigate the epidemiological profile and disease trend of nCOVID-19 in Rajasthan, listed among the top five COVID-19-affected states in India. Background The pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has created a huge burden on health care system, and every nation, including India, has been struggling to contain the spread of this virus through various measures, including nationwide lockdowns. Methods The present observational descriptive study was performed on available epidemiological data of the state of nCOVID-19, from March 2, 2020, to April 22, 2020, and highlights epidemiological profile and disease trend of nCOVID-19 in the state of Rajasthan. Results Rajasthan in India reported 1918 nCOVID-19 cases with 25 deaths as of April 22, 2020. The nCOVID-19 exhibited a sex bias with a preponderance for male patients (62.7%), with a male: female ratio of 1.68. Individuals in the age group of 16–30 years represented the highest percentage (34.7%) of nCOVID-19 cases. The recovery rate and death rate were 31.8 and 1.5%, respectively. Higher proportion of cases in Rajasthan belonged to districts located in eastern plains and arid western zones. Conclusion Implementation of lockdown, along with mandatory advisory on practices like social distancing, wearing of facial mask, and frequent hand washing in India, remains a crucial step in containment of this pandemic. Moreover, timely and adequate changes of guidelines as issued by Indian Council of Medical Research, India, have led to flattening of the epidemiological curve.


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