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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 285-290

Safety and efficacy of low-dose alteplase in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke in Egyptian patients

1 Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Neuropsychiatry, El-Mataria Teaching Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Basma G El-Shanawany
Sers El-Lian, Menoufia, 12345
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_269_19

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Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of low-dose alteplase (0.6 mg/kg) in the treatment of Egyptian patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Background High cost and concerns associated with post-thrombolysis intracerebral hemorrhage are major obstacles that limit utilization of the standard-dose alteplase (0.9 mg/kg) in AIS in Egypt. Patients and methods This is a nonrandomized clinical trial conducted on 40 Egyptian patients with AIS who were eligible for intravenous alteplase. Patients were thrombolysed at a dose of 0.6 mg/kg. Primary outcomes were safety expressed in the proportion of patients who developed symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage according to European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study III definition and 3-month mortality and efficacy expressed in the proportion of patients with modified Rankin Scale of 0–1 (favorable outcome) at 3 months. Results The proportion of favorable outcome (efficacy analysis) was 37.5% (n = 15). No cases developed symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage in the studied sample with an overall mortality rate of 7.5% (n = 3) with one case recorded in hospital mortality (safety analysis). Conclusion Intravenous alteplase at 0.6 mg/kg within 4.5 h of stroke onset could be safe and effective in routine clinical practice as a substitute of the standard dose (0.9 mg/kg) especially in developing countries like Egypt.

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