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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 281-284

Psychiatric comorbidity and quality of life in patients with dermatological diseases

1 Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Amira A El-Bakry
Berket El-Sabea, Menoufia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_155_19

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Objective The aim of the study was to compare the psychiatric comorbidities in patients with vitiligo with control group considering the burden in their life quality. Background Several studies reported high rates of depression and anxiety particularly for specific dermatological diseases such as vitiligo, affecting their life quality. Patients and methods A total of 30 patients with vitiligo as well as 30 participants as a control group were included. The study was conducted in Neuropsychiatry Department, Menoufia University. Arabic version of the Structured Clinical Interview for psychiatric Disorders 1 based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders, fourth ed., was used for psychiatric diagnosis. Dermatology life quality index was used to assess life quality in patients with vitiligo. Arabic version of the Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale was used to determine stressful life events that might increase risk for illnesses. Results A statistically significant difference between the patients with vitiligo and controls was found regarding psychiatric comorbidities (P < 0.001). Only seven (23.3%) patients of vitiligo group were free of psychiatric disorders. Overall, 23 patients of vitiligo group had psychiatric comorbidities versus control group (76.7 vs. 16.7%). Quality of life (QOL) affection was at moderate effect in 16.7%, very large effect in 30%, and extreme large effect in 10%. Conclusion Patients with vitiligo disease were associated with high rates of psychiatric comorbidity. A significant disruption was found in QOL. Screening may be helpful for early diagnosis, improving their QOL.

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