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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 259-263

Role of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis of pediatric bone tumors

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Shrief R Abd Elkhalek
Qeuesna, Menoufia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_212_19

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Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic effect of MRI in pediatric patients with suspected bone tumors and other bone pathologies. Background Bony lesions in pediatric age group is a frequent cause of pain and swelling. MRI is used to evaluate such patients, and information delivered by MRI is used to diagnose these lesions, whether benign or malignant. In addition, information delivered by MRI is used to guide biopsy procedure. Patients and methods This was a prospective study that included 50 patients. All were referred to the MRI unit in the diagnostic Radiology Department at Menoufia University Hospital from Menoufia University Hospital clinics and private clinics from June 2015 to November 2018. Results Our study revealed that MRI plays a sensitive diagnostic role in most cases not solved by plain radiography, for example, characterization of bony lesions like fatty content, cysts with and without fluid–fluid levels, and cartilaginous matrix, and also in aggressive bone lesions, MRI is used for locoregional staging and noninvasive evaluation of response to neoadjuvant treatment. Conclusion MRI is a sensitive and specific tool in primary detection and staging of pediatric bone tumors and tumor-like conditions. MRI helps guide biopsy from the soft tissue components and increases the chance of obtaining a definitive diagnostic result.

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