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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 129-134

Effect of the mean platelet volume/platelet count ratio on arteriovenous fistula function in chronic hemodialysis patients

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Resident of Internal Medicine at Ministry of Health, Shebein El Koum Teaching Hospital, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Manar A. H. Tahoon
Shebin Elkom, Menoufia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_230_19

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Objective The aim was to study the effect of increased mean platelet volume/platelet count (MPV/PL count) on arteriovenous fistula (AVF) function in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Background Vascular access failure substantially contributes to morbidity and hospitalization in HD patients. Patients and methods A case–control study was conducted on 50 HD patients on regular HD for more than 6 months in Shebin El-Koom Teaching Hospital, Menoufia, Egypt. The patients were divided into two groups: 25 patients with functioning AVF as group 1 and 25 patients with nonfunctioning AVF as group 2. Patients were subjected to full history taking, clinical examination, laboratory workup, and radiology by Duplex ultrasound. Results There was no significant effect of age, sex, BMI, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking, or type of anastomosis on AVF in HD patients. There was a significant effect of intradialysis hypotension on AVF in HD patients. There was a highly significant effect of fistula function on Kt/V in HD patients. There was a highly significant increase of MPV/PL count ratio in HD patients with failure of AVF. MPV/PL count at a cut-off level of 53.7 can accurately predict failure of AVF in the studied HD patients with 100% sensitivity and 84% specificity. Conclusion Assessment of MPV/PC ratio could adequately predict the failure of the function of AVF in the studied patients.

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