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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1367-1371

Correlation between nasopharyngeal bacteria in the Eustachian tube area and that in middle ear effusion

1 Otorhinolaryngology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Otorhinolaryngology Department, Police Hospital, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed A Fathallah
MBBCH, Otorhinolaryngology Department, Police Hospital, Mahmoud Darwesh St, Quesna, Menoufia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.304504

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Background Otitis media with effusion is a pathological condition characterized by the accumulation of nonpurulent fluid within the middle ear cleft with an intact tympanic membrane. Materials and Methods This study included 40 patients with otitis media with effusion. After obtaining consent from all patients, they were subjected to detailed history, full clinical examination, especially ear examination, audiological assessment, radiological assessment, swab from nasopharynx at the Eustachian tube areas for bacteriological examination, and samples from middle ear fluid in both ears for bacteriological examination. Results There was a highly significant relation between right ear sample and nasopharyngeal swap in the right tubal area in the study group (P < 0.01). Moreover, there was a highly significant relation between left ear sample and nasopharyngeal swap in the left tubal area in the study group (P < 0.01). Conclusion There was a highly significant relation between bacteria in middle ear fluid (if present) and that in the corresponding tubal area in the nasopharynx.

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