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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1246-1251

Retinopathy of prematurity in preterm children

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Kafr El Sheikh Old Ophthalmology Hospital, Kafr El Sheikh, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Samah A Ibrahem Tolan
MBBCh, Al-Zahra, Kafr El Sheikh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_207_20

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Objectives The aim of this work was to screen the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm children. Background Screening of ROP in preterm infants is important to detect early stages and observation till complete retinal vascularization. Cases with late stages need early treatment to prevent retinal detachment and blindness. Patients and methods This study was conducted on 30 extremely preterm infants born at less than 32 weeks of gestational age and admitted to neonatal incubators unit from March 2019 to December 2019 at Menoufia University Hospital and Al Quds Hospital in Al Mahla Al Qubra, Egypt. Results A total of 30 were included in the study. Males constituted 14 of the candidates, with ROP present in eight (44.4%), and females represented 16 candidates, with ROP present in 10 (55.6%). The mean hemoglobin levels during the first week of life were significantly lower in infants who developed ROP that warranted treatment. Conclusion ROP screening is essential to decrease blindness and long-term visual morbidity in preterm infants. The guidelines of management should be updated for practicing ophthalmologists.

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