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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 766-771

Prevalence and etiology of end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Rasha A. A. H. Issawi
Zagazig, El-Sharkia 44511
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_395_18

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Objectives The objective of this work is to study the prevalence and etiology of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) in a central governmental Hospital of El-Sharkia governorate, Egypt. Background ESRD has become a public health concern worldwide as the total number of ESRD patients requiring renal replacement therapy has been growing dramatically. The main problem in developing countries is the lack and inaccuracy of data registry. Patients and methods This descriptive study had been done in the El-Sharkia governorate central governmental hospitals on adult patients' resident in the El-Sharkia governorate with ESRD on maintenance HD for more than or equal to 3 months. The study was done during the period from February 2017 to November 2017. Results The prevalence of ESRD patients on maintenance HD in the Sharkia governorate is 442 per million populations (pmp). The etiology of the studied ESRD patients: hypertension (30.1%), undetermined etiology (19.5%), diabetes mellitus (17.6%), recurrent urinary stone (10.3%), recurrent urinary tract infection (8.5%), analgesic nephropathy (4.3%), chronic glomerulonephritis (4.1%), autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (2.9%), systemic lupus erythematosus (1.5%), and gout (1.1%). Of the studied ESRD patients, 44.7% had positive antibodies for hepatitis C virus (+ve) and patients with hepatitis B virus surface antigen (+ve) were 2.2%. Conclusion The total prevalence of ESRD patients on maintenance HD in 2017 in Sharkia governorate, Egypt is 442 per million populations (0.0442%). The highest proportion of patients with ESRD was between 50 and 59 years (30.8%). Most of the ESRD patients were from the rural area (60.4%).

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