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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 765-771

Management of nephrotic syndrome in family practice: a systematic review

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
3 Department of Family Medicine, Ministry of Health, Menoufia Governorate, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Basma A Hafez El Beah
Menouf, El-Menoufia, 32951
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.202532

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Objective The aim of the study was to perform a systematic review to summarize the diagnosis and management of nephrotic syndrome in family practice. Data sources Medline, articles in Medscape, American Family Physician (AAFP), and PubMed were searched. The search was performed on 1 November 2014 and included all articles with no language restrictions. Study selection The initial search yielded 250 articles. Six articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The articles included nephrotic syndrome clinical presentation, investigation to confirm the diagnosis, and management in family practice. Data extraction Data from each eligible study were abstracted independently in duplicate using a data collection form to obtain information on study characteristics, interventions, and quantitative results reported for each outcome of interest. Data synthesis There was heterogeneity in the data collected. A meta-analysis could not be carried out. Significant data were collected. Thus, a structured review was performed. Conclusion Six articles were reviewed; five articles and one systematic review summarize the clinical presentation investigation and management. Patients with nephrotic syndrome present with marked edema, proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and often hyperlipidemia. In adults, diabetes mellitus is the most common secondary cause, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and membranous nephropathy are the most common primary causes. Family physicians may encounter patients with nephrotic syndrome because of primary renal disease or a number of secondary causes, and should initiate appropriate diagnostic workup and medical management pending specialist consultation.

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