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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1106-1111

The effect of diabetes and hypertension on work productivity and job satisfaction

1 Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Tala, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Tala, Menoufia, Egypt
3 Resident of Family Medicine in Health Sector, Tala, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Shaimaa G Mohamed
Resident of Family Medicine in Health Sector, Tala, Menoufia, 32611
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.202484

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Objectives The objective of this paper was to assess the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension on work productivity and job satisfaction. Background Work is a basic human activity through which every individual realizes their own livelihood. DM and hypertension are diseases with a high prevalence of growth globally; the question of the ability of this patient's to be productive is extremely important in terms of work productivity and job satisfaction evaluation. Patients and methods The study was a nested case–control cross-sectional study. A total of 800 participants were recruited (400 patients and 400 controls). They were enrolled from urban and rural family health units as follows: 223 DM patients, 177 hypertensive patients, and 400 participants in the control group. All the participants were interviewed using a prestructured questionnaire and their medical record was revised. The questionnaire contained an Arabic validated version of work productivity and impairment, the general health version (WPAI: GH), and job satisfaction questionnaire. Results Work absenteeism, work productivity loss, and impairment were more with the diabetic patients than with the hypertensive patients (P < 0.000). There was a statistically significant difference between studied groups and job satisfaction, where job satisfaction score was lower for diabetic patients than for hypertensive patients. There was a positive correlation among the studied groups regarding job satisfaction score and work productivity score. Conclusion DM appears to reduce an individual's ability-to-work in comparison with patients with hypertension.

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