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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1055-1059

Prevalence of urinary tract infection among pregnant women and possible risk factors

Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shibin Elkom, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Nesreen A El-Hakeem Hammad
Berket El-Sabea, Menoufia, 32651
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.202505

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Objectives The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of urinary tract infection (UTI) during pregnancy and the possible risk factors. Background UTIs during pregnancy are among the most common health problems worldwide, especially in developing countries. It has several adverse outcomes not only on the mother but also on the fetus. Patients and methods A case–control study nested in a cross-sectional investigation was carried out on 250 pregnant women who were attending Berket El Sabae Family Health Center in Menoufia Governorate. Data were collected from the first of September to the end of November 2014. Each participant was assessed using a predesigned questionnaire, which included age, personal history, occupation, present history, past history, obstetric history, and personal hygiene. Urine sample was collected from the studied women for analysis. According to history and urine analysis women were divided into two groups: group I had UTI and group II did not have UTI. Results The result of this study revealed that the frequency of UTIs during pregnancy was 32%, with 63.3% of them having moderate infection. UTIs were more significant among women with an intermediate socioeconomic score (37.9%). The most important risk factors associated with UTI in the studied group were unsatisfied personal hygiene, positive history of diabetes mellitus, anemia, and past history of UTI. Conclusion This study concluded that about one-third of pregnant women had UTI with different degrees of severity. The most important risk factors associated with UTI during pregnancy were unsatisfactory personal hygiene, history of UTI, diabetes mellitus, and anemia. Therefore, the study recommends health education on personal sanitary hygiene and frequent complete urine analysis during pregnancy.

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