Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-53

Assessment of phonological awareness in children with delayed language development

1 Phoniatrics Unit, Otorhinolaryngology Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Phoniatrics Unit, Otorhinolaryngology Department, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
3 Phoniatrics Unit, Otorhinolaryngology Department, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Eman F El-Domiaty
Phoniatrics Unit, Otorhinolaryngology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Shibein El-kom, Menoufia, 32511
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_16_17

Rights and Permissions

Objective To study the relationship between language disorders in children and phonological awareness (PA) to identify children with reading difficulties as early as possible. Background PA is an important determiner of success in learning to read and spell. Early speech and early language difficulties are considered to be risk factors associated with future reading difficulties. Children with language difficulties are particularly at risk for poor literacy outcomes. Patients and methods Fifty cases (aged from 5 to 8 years) with delayed language development of average intelligence quotient participated in our study at Phoniatrics unit outpatient clinic in Menoufia University Hospital, from March 2015 to March 2016. They were divided into three groups (A, B, and C) and assessed by Arabic Phonological Awareness Test and Standardized Arabic Language Test. The results of cases were compared with the results of 50 controls matched for age and sex. Moreover, the results of the PA test were correlated with the results of standardized Arabic language test. Results By comparing the performance of PA skills for cases and control in the three age groups, there were significant differences in all skills (P < 0.05), except in segmenting words into syllables (P = 0.06) and blending syllables (P = 0.1) in group A. By studying the correlation between PA age and total language age, receptive language age, expressive language age, and semantics age, there were highly significant positive correlations (P = 0.000). Significant positive correlation was found between PA age and articulation (P = 0.029). Moreover, there was a significant negative correlation between PA score and the gap between language age and chronological age (P = 0.045). Conclusion Children with specific language impairments require specific therapy that includes explicit focus on PA and letter identification.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded94    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal