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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 329-334

Draw-a-person test as a tool for intelligence screening in primary school children


1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine-Menoufia University, Shebin Elkom, Egypt
2 Department of Pediatrics, Benha Teaching Hospital, Benha, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed O. A. Khalil
Benha Teaching Hospital, Benha
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_603_17

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Objective The aim was to conduct a study for screening intelligence of primary school children using draw-a-person (DAP) test in Meit Ghamr District, Al-Dakahlia Governorate. Background The significance of children's drawings has been thought to provide indications of visual motor development, levels of cognitive functioning, and intellectual maturity. One of the earliest drawing tests was the DAP test devised by Goodenough to assess children's creativity, mental age, and visual motor intellectual maturity by coding features of their drawing of a man. Participants and methods This study was carried out in 1000 apparently healthy primary school children aged from 6 to 12 years old in Meit Ghamr District, Al-Dakahlia Governorate. All students were subjected to an adequate assessment of history, full clinical examination, socioeconomic level, school achievement, and also DAP test. Results The study showed that children with superior intelligence, with high average, with average, with low average, and with below average were 1.5, 9.9, 64.6, 21.1, and 2.9%, respectively. Moreover, positive correlations were found between intelligence quotient (IQ) levels and socioeconomic standards, school achievement, and residence. There was no correlation between IQ levels and children's sex. Conclusion There were a positive correlation between IQ levels obtained by DAP test and socioeconomic standards, residence, and school achievement. Moreover, no correlation was found between IQ levels and sex.


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