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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 305-310

Prevalence of diabetes mellitus among school-age children


1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, El-Talaba Hospital, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Pediatrics, El-Talaba Hospital, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim N. T. Ganh
Sarsamous, El-Shohada, Menoufia
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_324_17

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Objective The aim of this research was to study the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among school-age children in Menoufia governorate. Background DM is a metabolic disorder of multiple etiologies. Type 1 DM can occur at any age, but it is most common in juveniles. Its importance is detected from the number of patients and new cases acquiring it. Estimation of its prevalence could be used to study its varied etiology, and the effect of inheritance and environment in its genesis. Patients and methods In all, 8000 school-age children from rural and urban areas in Menoufia governorate aged between 6 and 15 years between September 2015 and September 2016 had been subjected to filling a written questionnaire based on criteria of WHO (2010) for diagnosis of DM, and detection of glucose in urine (Glucotest), as well as estimation of random blood glucose for children with positive glucotest. Results A total of 300 children showed positive data suggesting DM in the written questionnaire, 35 children gave positive glucose in urine, 30 were newly diagnosed diabetics (18 urban and 12 rural; 20 male and 10 female; 26 with positive family history of type 1 DM and 14 with positive consanguinity), and five were false positive for glucotest. Therefore, the overall prevalence of juvenile DM was found to be 3.75/1000. Conclusion The prevalence rate of juvenile DM among school-age children in Menoufia governorate was 3.75/1000.


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