Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-30

Theory of mind: its development and its relation to communication disorders: a systematic review

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Phoniatrics Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Phoniatrics Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
3 Phoniatrics Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebeen El-Kom, Egypt
4 Phoniatrics at Ministry of Health, Shebin Elkom, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Shimaa S Allam Amer
Menouf, El-Menoufia
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_628_17

Rights and Permissions

Objective To define theory of mind (TOM), its development, its significance, its assessment, its deficits and intervention. Data sources Medline databases (PubMed, Medscape and Science Direct) and all materials available in the Internet from 1990 to 2016. Study selection The initial search presented 250 articles of which 47 met the inclusion criteria. The articles studied the development, assessment, deficits and intervention of TOM. Data extraction If the studies did not fulfill the inclusion criteria, they were excluded. Study quality assessment included whether ethical approval was gained, eligibility criteria specified, appropriate controls, adequate information and defined assessment measures. Data synthesis Significant data were collected. It was heterogeneous. Thus, a structured review was performed with the results tabulated. Conclusion TOM is the ability to infer the mental states such as (beliefs, thoughts, intentions) to one-self and to the others. Joint attention is an early precursor of TOM development. Theoretical accounts of TOM mechanism are, the Theory Theory, Simulation Theory and Modularity Theory. Many tools used in its assessment as false belief tasks (e.g., Sally and Anne task) and TOM test. It is impaired in autism, attention deficits hyperactivity disorder, hearing impairment, schizophrenia and dementia. Intervention solutions for the deficit are undertaken. Phoniatritions should be aware of TOM as a cognitive capacity that plays a big role in our communication. They should initiate appropriate assessment and interventions for disorders having TOM deficits.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded43    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal