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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 172-176

Association between uric acid and coron ary collateral circulation in stable coronary artery disease patients

1 Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shibin Al Kawm, Egypt
2 Mahalla Cardiac Center Hospital, Tanta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed G El-Sayed El-Raei
Mahalla Cardiac Center Hospital, Tanta, Garbia Governorate
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_454_17

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Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the association between serum uric acid levels and the development of coronary collateral circulation (CCC) in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Background Serum uric acid can cause atherosclerosis. High serum uric acid levels may be associated with poor CCC in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Patients and methods A cross-sectional study was carried out on 100 patients with stable CAD who underwent coronary angiography and documented total occlusion in one or more of the major coronary arteries in Cardiovascular Department Menoufia University Hospital during the period from 1 February 2016 to 30 January 2017. Development of CCC will be graded according to the Cohen–Rentrop method: grades 2–3 will be classified as good CCC (group A) and grades 0–1 as poor CCC (group B). Results A significant relationship between high level of serum uric acid and poor coronary collaterals was observed. Mean value of uric acid in group A was 4.72 ± 1.69 mg/dl and mean value of uric acid in group B was 6.68 ± 2.36 mg/dl (P < 0.001). The receiver-operating characteristic analysis curve made between uric acid and two groups provided a cutoff point of 5.3 mg/dl, with 81.63% specificity and 64.71% sensitivity to detect poor CCC. Conclusion The measurement of uric acid level provides a good predictor of poor CCC in stable coronary artery disease patients.

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