Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 145-150

Risk factors for constipation among elderly attending family health center in Damietta District, Damietta Governorate, Egypt


1 Family Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menofia University, Shebeen El-Kom, Egypt
2 Family Medicine Department, Family Health Center, Damietta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Wafaa El-Said Ibrahim Salama
Family Medicine Department, Family Health Center, Damietta Governorate, Damietta
Egypt
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_388_17

Rights and Permissions

Background Approximately one-third of adults 60 years or older report at least occasional constipation, and in nursing home residents, the prevalence is 50% or more. It accounts for ~2.5 million physician office visits yearly. Aim The aim of the present work was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the studied elderly population. Patients and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 258 elderly population (>60 years old) attending the Hai Tany Family Health Center, Damietta Governorate, from 1 November 2015 to 1 January 2016. A predesigned questionnaire was used to assess the presence of constipation and its risk factors. It included four parts: sociodemographic characteristics, Bristol scale and ROME III diagnostic criteria for constipation, mini-mental status examination (to assess cognitive function), and mini-nutritional assessment scale (to assess nutritional status). Results The results of this study revealed that 64/258 of the studied population had primary (functional) constipation. Constipation was more significant in patients older than 75 years (P < 0.001). The most important risk factors associated with constipation in the studied group were advanced age, nutritional impairment, and cognitive impairment. Conclusion This study concluded that about one-fourth of the studied population had (functional) constipation. The most important risk factors associated with constipation in elderly population were advanced age, nutritional impairment, and cognitive impairment. Therefore, the study recommends prevention and treatment of constipation through nutritional education and screening for cognitive impairment in elderly.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed242    
    Printed14    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded23    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal