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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 139-144

Risk factors for overactive bladder in postmenopausal women attending Kafr El-Baramoon Family Health Unit, Egypt

Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Safaa A. Y. El Shopaky
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia 35723
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_355_17

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Objective The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) among postmenopausal women attending Kafr El-Bramoon Family Health Unit and to identify risk factors for OAB among studied group. Background OAB is a common urological abnormality with adverse effects on quality of life. In women, postmenopausal status has been associated with an increase in OAB symptoms. Participants and methods This was a case–control study nested in a cross-sectional design conducted on 200 postmenopausal women aged 45–65 years attending the selected family health unit. Each participant was assessed using a predesigned questionnaire. It consisted of three sections (sociodemographic, medical history, and OAB symptoms score). The OAB symptoms score contains questions about OAB symptoms (frequency, urgency, and urge incontinence). The studied women were divided into two groups: patients in group I had OAB and those in group II did not have OAB. Results This study revealed that among 200 studied patients, the frequency of OAB was 38.5%. OAB was more significant among postmenopausal women who were more than 60 years old (63.6%) (P < 0.001) and those who had literate certificate level of education (41.1%) (P < 0.05). Obesity (P < 0.01), menopausal duration more than 5 years (P < 0.001), parity (P < 0.001), and history of previous gynecological surgery (P < 0.001) were potential risk factors for OAB. Conclusion This study concluded that about one-third of postmenopausal women had OAB. The most important risk factors were advanced age, high parity, gynecological surgery, and obesity. Therefore, the study recommends frequent screening of OAB in postmenopausal women.

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