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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 789-793

Burnout and quality of life among physicians in primary healthcare facilities in Egypt: a cross-sectional study


1 Department of Family Medicine and Community, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Family Medicine, Gizerat El Shier Family Health Center, El Kanater El Kharia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dalia H Mohamed
Department of Family Medicine, Gizerat El Shier Family Health Center, El Kanater El Kharia, Qalyubia Governorate, 13511
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_442_16

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Objectives The aim of this study was to deter mine the prevalence of burnout among physicians in primary healthcare facilities and explore the relationship between perceived quality of life and levels of burnout among the physicians. Background Healthcare workers, particularly physicians, are exposed to high levels of stress at work. Burnout syndrome may increase the risk for medical errors and affects the physician's quality of life. Patients and methods The study was a cross-sectional one conducted on 76 physicians in El Kanater El Kharia primary healthcare units and centers in Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt. It was conducted during a period of 10 months. All participants were interviewed using Maslach Burnout Inventory and World Health Organizations Quality of Life – Brief Questionnaire. Results Approximately 66.7% of the general practitioners (GPs) had high burnout, whereas only 26.7% of specialists had high burnout. Emotional exhaustion was higher in GPs compared with family physicians and specialists. The incidence of emotional exhaustion was 80.7, 75, and 46.7%, respectively. High depersonalization of 89.5% was seen in GPs compared with 50 and 40% in family physicians and specialists, respectively. Approximately two-third of the specialists had high personal accomplishment in comparison with 40.3 and 22% of GPs and family physicians. There was a statistically significant negative correlation between the physical and the psychological domains of the quality of life and the burnout score. Conclusion These results viewed the importance of balanced life as a barrier against burnout and its implication on the quality of life.


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