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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 213-220

Iron deficiency anemia among preschool children (2–6 years) in a slum area (Alexandria, Egypt): an intervention study

1 Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin Elkom, Egypt
2 Department of Pediatric Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin Elkom, Egypt
3 Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin Elkom, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mostafa L Abd Elrazek
Mitt Damses, Aga, Dakhlia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.211534

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Objective The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among preschool children in a slum area of Alexandria governorate. Background According to the WHO, anemia due to iron deficiency is the most common nutritional disorder in the world. Two billion people – over 30% of the world's population – are anemic, mainly due to iron deficiency. Participants and methods A cross-sectional comparative study was carried out on 90 children living in a slum area in the east district of Alexandria governorate. Results Mother's age, mother's education, socioeconomic standard, and family size were significantly different between healthy and anemic children. Parasitic infestations were significantly higher among anemic children than among healthy children. Conclusion Prevalence of IDA among preschool children was 52.2%. Prevalence of IDA was higher in girls than in boys but did not reach a significant level. On the other hand, there was a significant association between the prevalence of IDA and mother's age and family size.

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